Adaptation and Validation of an Instrument to Measure Hong Kong College Students’ Attitudes Toward the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence (77085)

Session Information: Innovation & Technology
Session Chair: Shin Yee Wong

Thursday, 28 March 2024 12:00
Session: Session 2
Room: Room 704
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

Artificial intelligence (AI) is driving transformative changes across the world, profoundly reshaping various aspects of our society. Despite the proliferation of AI ethics guidelines issued by numerous organizations, there is a lack of knowledge on Hong Kong students’ perceptions and attitudes towards ethical AI principles. This study aimed to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Chinese version of Attitudes toward the ethics of artificial intelligence (C-AT-EAI). Data were from 1000 students in a Hong Kong university. We relied on Messick (1995)’s framework to establish the validity of the scale. The content aspect of validity was ensured by a committee approach. To establish the structural aspect of validity, we performed exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to examine the underlying factor structure of the instrument with 500 students. Results of EFA showed the five dimensions of students’ attitudes towards AI ethics including Transparency, Fairness, Privacy, Responsibility, and Non-maleficence. Furthermore, we conducted confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with another sample of 500 students to validate the five-factor model. The external aspect of validity was ensured by the Pearson correlation and hierarchical linear regression analyses. In addition, the generalizability aspect of validity was confirmed by the invariance tests. This instrument can serve as a valuable tool for assessing students’ ethical attitudes and informing the design of educational initiatives to prepare them for an AI generation.

Haining Gao, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Wing Yan Vivian Lee, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Jiajing Li, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

About the Presenter(s)
Mr Haining Gao is is currently working at The Chinese University of Hong Kong in Hong Kong

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00