Systematic Review of the Potential Benefits and Threats of ChatGPT in Physics Education: A PRISMA-Based Approach (78088)

Session Information: Teaching Experiences, Innovation & Technology
Session Chair: Chinshan Kuo

Thursday, 28 March 2024 15:50
Session: Session 4
Room: Room 704
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

This systematic review examines the potential benefits and challenges of using ChatGPT in Physics education using the PRISMA approach and SWOT analysis. We examine the available empirical studies from November 2022 up to the present on the capabilities of ChatGPT and how to use it in the Physics education setting. Because of the novelty of the topic, despite an extensive database search, only 11 empirical studies were found and coded. This indicates that this progressive topic requires further exploration and investigation. The findings of this review suggest that the recent Chat GPT-4 was found to achieve almost 100% accuracy in FCI and it can demonstrate the preconceptions of different cohorts, thus it can be useful in developing and pilot-testing concept inventories. Another notable advantage for students, ChatGPT can be used in Physics development tasks, gives learners instant feedback, can automatically generate an exercise related to learners’ difficulty, offers hints instead of giving an explicit solution, and can be a virtual study companion. Despite its usefulness, it is important to note the threats and challenges it poses such as AI hallucinations which students should be aware of, and it exhibited inconsistencies in a problem-solving approach that suggests the need for human intervention in AI-Chatbots assisted learning. The review offers insights and suggestions for future research to further advance the knowledge in leveraging and practice of using AI-Chatbots in Physics education.

Isalyn Camungol, De La Salle University and Colegio de Muntinlupa, Philippines
Lydia Roleda, De La Salle University, Philippines

About the Presenter(s)
Ms. Isalyn Camungol is a Ph.D. student from De La Salle University-Manila taking a Doctor of Philosophy in Science Education major in Physics. Currently, she serves as an Assistant Professor at Colegio de Muntinlupa-Philippines.

Connect on Linkedin

Connect on ResearchGate

See this presentation on the full scheduleThursday Schedule

Conference Comments & Feedback

Place a comment using your LinkedIn profile


Share on activity feed

Powered by WP LinkPress

Share this Presentation

Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00