The Relationship between Negative Life Events and Depression: Findings from Indonesia Family Life Survey 2014/2015 (79337)

Session Information: Mental Health
Session Chair: Herni Susanti

Wednesday, 27 March 2024 14:35
Session: Session 4
Room: Room 607
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

Negative life experiences have been identified as risk factors for mental health problems in literature. However, evidence in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is limited. This study aims to identify the associations between negative life events and depression in Indonesia. Data were obtained from 31,446 individuals aged 15 and older who participated in the Indonesia Family Life Survey Wave 5 (IFLS-5) conducted in 2014-2015. Depressive symptoms were measured using the 10-item of the self-reported Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10). Negative life events within the past 12 months included individual/family members diagnosed with chronic diseases, injury/experienced natural disaster, and the death of a family member. Multilevel logistic models were used to test the hypothesis while accounting for sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviours, and area characteristics. Approximately 2.9% of respondents experienced ≥2 negative life events in the last 12 months, and 30.4% experienced one event. Experiencing ≥2 events was associated with 1.48 (95% CIs 1.27;1.72) higher odds of having depression, while those who experienced one event had 1.24 (95% CIs 1.17;1.31) higher odds of depression compared to those who had not experienced any event adjusted for age and gender. Those significant associations remained when we added all the covariates in the model. The findings of our study are important for the development of prevention programs for depression among individuals exposed to negative life events.

Irmansyah Irmansyah, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia
Ida Ayu Mas Amelia Kusumaningtyas, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Aryana Satrya, Universitas Indonesia, IndonesiaIda
Herni Susanti, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Asri Maharani, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

About the Presenter(s)
Dr. Aryana is a senior lecturer at the Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Indonesia. He is also the chairman of the Center for Social Security Studies, University of Indonesia.

Dr. Irmansyah is a senior researcher at Indonesia's National Research and Innovation Agency. He is also a senior psychiatrist who is active in research and clinical practice.

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00