Basic Study of Gender Equality Issues in Textbooks: Comparing Chinese and Japanese Textbooks in Lower Secondary School (77101)

Session Information: Primary & Secondary Education
Session Chair: Eric Mensah

Friday, 29 March 2024 12:40
Session: Session 3
Room: Room A (Live Stream)
Presentation Type: Live-Stream Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

This study examines gender representations in Chinese and Japanese textbooks, revealing significant gender disparities. Both Chinese and Japanese textbooks predominantly feature male authors and perpetuate gender stereotypes. Chinese textbooks fare slightly better in depicting professional women and diverse female occupations, while Japanese textbooks include more female authors, characters, and modern family images. Several factors contribute to these disparities: historical education limitations for women, insufficient female editors, deeply ingrained misogynistic cultural norms, and traditional societal values. Additionally, there is a tendency for women in textbook in both countries to shy away from STEM fields.

To address these issues, the following recommendations are proposed: implement quotas for female representation in textbook compilation, review, and selection processes. China can draw inspiration from Japan's practice of involving female experts and professors in textbook development, creating a more inclusive learning environment in schools. Teachers should introduce students to prominent women in various fields to inspire them. The governments should actively encourage women to pursue STEM fields through policies and initiatives that promote gender equality in education and careers. The media should play a role in promoting gender equality and challenging stereotypes. Women should be encouraged to voice their opinions publicly and actively participate in discussions on gender issues. In summary, both China and Japan must take steps to rectify gender imbalances in their educational materials and systems. By doing so, they can help pave the way for a more equitable and inclusive society.

Jiayi Fang, Beijing Geely University, China

About the Presenter(s)
Ms Jiayi Fang is a University Assistant Professor/Lecturer at Geely University of China in China

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00